3 Questions: Womens rights and rising threats to press freedom worldwide

To Ada Petriczko being born a woman can be a substance of life or departure. Hailing from Poland she reports on sexual vehemence and gender injustices almost the globe. As a ethnical rights journalist her commission is to amplify the tones of women who have been systematically silenced by their communities and governments. Their stories have to be heard she argues in order to reshape our societies. This includes reporting on her home country where popular stability and womens rights are increasingly below menace.  

Petriczko joined the MIT Center for International Studies (CIS) last fall as its Elizabeth Neuffer Fellow. The association is awarded annually by The International Womens Media Foundation and prepares its recipient with investigation opportunities at MIT and further training at The Boston Globe and The New York Times.

Recently she sat down to contend her guiding principles as a journalist the challenges facing her art and the rewarding experiences of this association. She also weighs in on the rise of autocracy in Central and Eastern Europe. On Feb. 3 she will explore this question and its contact on free media at a CIS Starr Forum occurrence with experts from Poland Hungary and Russia.

Q: One of your fields of interest is ethics in journalism. What does it mean to be an ethical journalist to you? And what are some of the challenges that ethical journalism faces today?

A: I dont believe in objectivity but I do believe in fairness. Ethical journalism is almost being fair to the facts and being fair to the nation youre writing almost. Aidan White an esteemed journalist who established the Ethical Journalism Network told me in an colloquy that there are almost 400 different journalism codes of conduct in the globe but if you weigh them closely they all boil down to the same five core principles: exactness independence impartiality ethnicality and accountability. I try to play by these rules.

I report on sexual vehemence and other ethnical rights violations within assailable communities and have been in situations in which nation dont want to share their experiences. I always respect their requests and back out even if Ive journeyed far for the story. This can be a deal breaker in our running news landscape which is extremely fast-paced and demanding. Ethical journalism takes more time and more reflection. But Ive establish ways to talk almost taboos without violating them. And that is oftentimes even more powerful.

We are facing a transitional instant in the information ecosystem. The rise of collective media and the antiquated financial standards for media outlets have negatively contacted ethical journalism. Time and money are needed to support in-depth reportage which is beseeming increasingly limited. 

The global rise of autocracy of order is also challenging popular institutions including the freedom of press and address. And the Covid-19 pandemic has granted crumbling democracies the consummate exculpate to do just that.

In Poland for sample were facing a ethnicalitarian crisis on the Belarussian limit where thousands of migrants are seeking protection from horrific situations. Soon behind the Covid-19 outburst the Polish government banned reporters from entering the limit country to cover the crisis. This is without anterior in the post-war history of Europe. 

NGOs [nongovernmental organizations] and multinational organizations almost the globe are starting to address these issues as real menaces. Maria Ressa who accepted the Nobel Peace Prize for journalism and whom Ive recently colloquyed for The Boston Globe is championing an interpolitical fund for journalists. So this fetchs me an component of hope.

Q: Youve partnered with journalists from other countries for true projects including Witch Hunt. Tell us more almost this phraseology of work — referred to as cross-limit journalism — and why it is significant.

A: In the cross-limit order journalists work as partners on one story but stay within their relative countries cultures and ethnicities. This kind of reportage allows a journalist to fetch a sole perspective and expertise to the story without having to journey hundreds or thousands of miles. The Panama Papers is probably the most renowned sample of this kind of reporting; a global team worked unitedly to expose the decomposition of the offshore finance activity. 

Cross-limit journalism prepares a cheaper more culturally sentient and ecologically aware choice to classic strange reporting. That said the transmitted standard has many benefits. There are stories in which the perspective of an outsider is simply inestimable. Ive spent the better part of my course on assignments in India and South America and as much as I love working on location Ive realized over the years that this type of reporting is beseeming unsustainable. The air crisis and the other menaces I contended earlier will make the transmitted phraseology of strange reporting more and more hard and rare. 

On top of that the cross-limit standard prepares an occasion to hear from journalists who are not part of the mainstream usually Anglo Saxon media. We all read The New York Times The New Yorker The Atlantic and The Boston Globe which are astounding outlets with long traditions and high journalistic standards. But theres also an innate bias at work there. Even though English is the lingua franca of today a journalist who is not a indigenous speaker has a very slim chance of getting hired as staff in one of these major outlets.

Q: What have you been working on during your association?

A: Im using the association to dig deeper into the questions that Ive been reporting on over the past three years. For sample Im taking a class on the history of India which has helped me better belowstand the contact that colonialism and barrier has had on womens rights and vehemence in that country. This will prepare inestimable tenor to my most significant project — a nonfiction book on the 45 million women who are missing from the Indian population due to wide-spread sex choice. As part of my investigation in Boston I colloquyed Amartya Sen (forthcoming in The Boston Globe) a Nobel Prize laureate in economics who was the leading individual to estimate that over 100 million women are missing from the globe population. In my book Im trying to belowstand the implications of this phenomenon. How do communities cope with such a huge want of women? Why does this deficiency give rise to even more vehemence over women? How does this contact the forthcoming of families in these communities?

At MIT Ive also been exploring freedom of address in my part of the globe — the Central European country — where weve seen a rise of autocracy.  

At The Boston Globe I was a limb of the editorial board which was a observable experience. And in accession to colloquying two Nobel Prize laureates I wrote conviction pieces and editorials on failure rights in Texas and the ethnicalitarian crisis in Poland. Now Im preparing for my residency at The New York Times

The biggest value for me is the occasion to train below the mentorship of the finest editors and the academics in the globe. This has boosted my trust as a reporter and will hopefully make me a precious tone in the open contend of my country which has establish itself at the crossroads between democracy and autocracy. Being in the U.S. where the popular institutions are quiet strong has helped me relimb where my values lie.